A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. This study situates vulnerability in the context of natural hazards. for climate resilient development strategies, as exposure to climate variability and change, (LVI-IPCC) offers a tool to assess climate vulnerability through direct household surveys. These assets are both tangible (e.g., land, labour, credit, and livestock) and intangible (e.g., skills, knowledge, social networks). Using the Livelihoods as Intimate Government (LIG) approach to identify and understand different vulnerabilities to flooding in a community in southern Zambia, we empirically demonstrate how essentialist framings of identity produce this mismatch. Results: It was seen that the relative exposure of the Ao community was 0.24 and of the Angami community was 0.42; whereas average sensitivity value of the Ao was 0.43 and that of the Angamis was 0.34. The paper is based on primary data collected through a household survey, community focus group discussions and key informant interviews in order to identify the adaptation responses of smallholder farmers in northern Ghana to climate change and variability. CPHP Livelihood Analysis 1 Index Contents Page Number Acknowledgement 1. The study highlights the critical role of the government regarding education and construction of water resources, among others. A number of multi-stakeholder community meetings were held in all the study Unions, at which stakeholders were invited to provide necessary information on the climate conditions they face and the types of Ringler, 2009). PDF | Climate change is ... Northern Region is the most vulnerable in terms of the overall livelihood vulnerability index, followed by the Upper East and Upper West regions. Step 2 (repeat for all contributing factors: exposure, sensitivity, and adaptation capacity): Economics and Policy Working Paper No. • HDDS and FCS are typically recognized as proxies for food quality … While sensitivity is the degree to which a system is When thinking about livelihood outcomes, the aims of a particular group as well as the extent to Partly, this is because these regions have the lowest adaptive capacity due to low socioeconomic development and have economies based on rain-fed agriculture. Drought-Prone Areas of Bangladesh, Rome, Italy, 97pp. processing) and social protection programs in order to reduce out. 15. evaluation index system of livelihood capital was built in minority contiguous poverty-stricken areas from the perspective of evaluating sustainable livelihood. OVERVIEW OF THE COPING STRATEGIES INDEX Introduction The Coping Strategies Index (CSI) is an indicator of household food security that is relatively simple and quick to use, straightforward to understand, and correlates well with more complex measures of food security. East is the most vulnerable region in northern Ghana with resp, Percent of households reporting water confl, Percent of households that utilize a natural w, Inverse of the average number of litres o, Percent of households where head of house, Percent of households with family member w, Percent of households where a family member had to miss work or school in the past, Mean standard deviation of monthly average of average maximu, Source: Computations from field survey, 2011, Figure 1: Vulnerability Spider Diagram of the Major Components, Source: Computations from field survey, 201, sensitivity and adaptation capacity are. represented in the vulnerability triangle as shown in Figure 2. Furthermore, water is usually sourced by women and young girls hence distant water sources increases the time burden of household chores and affects time for care in the case of women, and school attendance in the case of the girl child, ... Vulnerability-based adaptation is taken prior to the impacts of climate change and can minimize the impacts greatly (Adger and Vincent 2005). Further, we illustrate a means of operationalising intersectional, situational framings of identity to achieve greater and more productive understandings of hazard vulnerability than available through the application of general determinants of vulnerability to specific places and cases. Each report is reviewed internally by IWMI staff, and by external reviewers. adaptive capacity (socio-demographic profile, livelihood strategies, social networks) and (natural disaster) exposure (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC] 2001), which altogether constitute the essence of the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) of Hahn, Riederer and Foster (2009). This study estimates the level of vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability in northern Ghana using the Livelihood Vulnerability Index highlighting access to, and utilization of water resources. (2011) thus: Where: D is the diversity index, S

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